2018 – 2020: Vice-Chairman, International Relations, Anaklia Development Consortium

2016 – 2018: Foreign Policy Adviser to the Prime Minister of Georgia

2012-2016: Member of Parliament and Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Georgia, Kutaisi

2011:  President of the Energy Security Centre, Azerbaijan, Baku

2008-2011: Alternate Director General, International Centre for Black Sea Studies (ICBSS), Greece, Athens

2006-2008: Secretary General, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation organization, Turkey, Istanbul

2006-2007: Woodrow Wilson Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars, USA, Washington 

2005-2006: President, US-Caucasus Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia

2003-2004: Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georgia

2002-2003: National Security Advisor to the President, Secretary of the National Security Council, Tbilisi, Georgia

1994-2002: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Georgia to USA, Canada and Mexico, USA, Washington

1992-1994: Advisor to the National Security and Defense Council, Tbilisi, Georgia

1992: First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georgia

1991: Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georgia; Head of Department of Political Analysis and Foresight, MFA

1989-1990:  First Deputy Chairman of UNESCO Council, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Georgia


1977 to 1989: PhD, USSR Research Academy, Institute of USA and Canada, Moscow

1974 -1977: MA, USSR Scientific Academy, Institute of USA and Canada, Moscow

1972-1974: Laboratory assistant, TSU laboratory of languages, Moscow

1971: Tbilisi State University, BA in Roman-Germanic Languages and Literature, Tbilisi

Languages: English, Russian, Spanish